Common Problems During Pregnancy
This is the nausea and often vomiting that affects many women in the first 12 to 15 weeks of pregnancy. Many women can cope with morning sickness by snacking little and often on bland, easy-to-digest foods such as plain toast, crackers, cereal or plain biscuits. Listen to cravings and eat whatever you feel like you can. When symptoms improve, increase the variety of foods as tolerated. Aim for a healthy, varied diet and drink plenty of fluids. Talk to your doctor if you are unable to hold down any food or fluids or are losing weight.
This is the burning or acid feeling in the chest or throat that affects many women, usually later in the pregnancy. Eat small, frequent meals and avoid eating meals before bed time. Stay upright for at least one hour after each meal and eat slowly at meal times. Avoid very spicy and fried or oily foods, fizzy drinks, caffeine and chocolate if they cause a problem for you. Milk may help soothe the burn. Wear loose, comfortable clothes to reduce pressure on your tummy. Raise the head of your bed or use extra pillows to minimize acid reflux during the night.
This is reduced bowel motions or hard, difficult to pass stools. It can be relieved with high fibre foods, plenty of fluids and regular exercise. Eat foods such as wholemeal bread, beans, pulses, fruit and vegetables, wholemeal pasta and brown rice instead of the white, processed types. Take a minimum of 2 litres of water every day. Try to get 30 to 45 minutes of gentle exercise daily such as walking or swimming. Do not take laxatives unless they are prescribed by your doctor.